Source code for swh.objstorage.objstorage

# Copyright (C) 2015-2020  The Software Heritage developers
# See the AUTHORS file at the top-level directory of this distribution
# License: GNU General Public License version 3, or any later version
# See top-level LICENSE file for more information

import abc
import bz2
from itertools import dropwhile, islice
import lzma
from typing import Dict
import zlib

from swh.model import hashutil

from .exc import ObjNotFoundError

ID_HASH_ALGO = "sha1"
ID_HASH_LENGTH = 40  # Size in bytes of the hash hexadecimal representation.
DEFAULT_CHUNK_SIZE = 2 * 1024 * 1024  # Size in bytes of the streaming chunks
DEFAULT_LIMIT = 10000


[docs]def compute_hash(content): """Compute the content's hash. Args: content (bytes): The raw content to hash hash_name (str): Hash's name (default to ID_HASH_ALGO) Returns: The ID_HASH_ALGO for the content """ return ( hashutil.MultiHash.from_data(content, hash_names=[ID_HASH_ALGO],) .digest() .get(ID_HASH_ALGO) )
[docs]class NullCompressor:
[docs] def compress(self, data): return data
[docs] def flush(self): return b""
[docs]class NullDecompressor:
[docs] def decompress(self, data): return data
@property def unused_data(self): return b""
decompressors = { "bz2": bz2.BZ2Decompressor, "lzma": lzma.LZMADecompressor, "gzip": lambda: zlib.decompressobj(wbits=31), "zlib": zlib.decompressobj, "none": NullDecompressor, } compressors = { "bz2": bz2.BZ2Compressor, "lzma": lzma.LZMACompressor, "gzip": lambda: zlib.compressobj(wbits=31), "zlib": zlib.compressobj, "none": NullCompressor, }
[docs]class ObjStorage(metaclass=abc.ABCMeta): """ High-level API to manipulate the Software Heritage object storage. Conceptually, the object storage offers the following methods: - check_config() check if the object storage is properly configured - __contains__() check if an object is present, by object id - add() add a new object, returning an object id - restore() same as add() but erase an already existed content - get() retrieve the content of an object, by object id - check() check the integrity of an object, by object id - delete() remove an object And some management methods: - get_random() get random object id of existing contents (used for the content integrity checker). Some of the methods have available streaming equivalents: - add_stream() same as add() but with a chunked iterator - restore_stream() same as add_stream() but erase already existing content - get_stream() same as get() but returns a chunked iterator Each implementation of this interface can have a different behavior and its own way to store the contents. """ def __init__(self, *, allow_delete=False, **kwargs): # A more complete permission system could be used in place of that if # it becomes needed self.allow_delete = allow_delete
[docs] @abc.abstractmethod def check_config(self, *, check_write): """Check whether the object storage is properly configured. Args: check_write (bool): if True, check if writes to the object storage can succeed. Returns: True if the configuration check worked, an exception if it didn't. """ pass
@abc.abstractmethod def __contains__(self, obj_id, *args, **kwargs): """Indicate if the given object is present in the storage. Args: obj_id (bytes): object identifier. Returns: True if and only if the object is present in the current object storage. """ pass
[docs] @abc.abstractmethod def add(self, content, obj_id=None, check_presence=True, *args, **kwargs): """Add a new object to the object storage. Args: content (bytes): object's raw content to add in storage. obj_id (bytes): checksum of [bytes] using [ID_HASH_ALGO] algorithm. When given, obj_id will be trusted to match the bytes. If missing, obj_id will be computed on the fly. check_presence (bool): indicate if the presence of the content should be verified before adding the file. Returns: the id (bytes) of the object into the storage. """ pass
[docs] def add_batch(self, contents, check_presence=True) -> Dict: """Add a batch of new objects to the object storage. Args: contents: mapping from obj_id to object contents Returns: the summary of objects added to the storage (count of object, count of bytes object) """ summary = {"object:add": 0, "object:add:bytes": 0} for obj_id, content in contents.items(): if check_presence and obj_id in self: continue self.add(content, obj_id, check_presence=False) summary["object:add"] += 1 summary["object:add:bytes"] += len(content) return summary
[docs] def restore(self, content, obj_id=None, *args, **kwargs): """Restore a content that have been corrupted. This function is identical to add but does not check if the object id is already in the file system. The default implementation provided by the current class is suitable for most cases. Args: content (bytes): object's raw content to add in storage obj_id (bytes): checksum of `bytes` as computed by ID_HASH_ALGO. When given, obj_id will be trusted to match bytes. If missing, obj_id will be computed on the fly. """ # check_presence to false will erase the potential previous content. return self.add(content, obj_id, check_presence=False)
[docs] @abc.abstractmethod def get(self, obj_id, *args, **kwargs): """Retrieve the content of a given object. Args: obj_id (bytes): object id. Returns: the content of the requested object as bytes. Raises: ObjNotFoundError: if the requested object is missing. """ pass
[docs] def get_batch(self, obj_ids, *args, **kwargs): """Retrieve objects' raw content in bulk from storage. Note: This function does have a default implementation in ObjStorage that is suitable for most cases. For object storages that needs to do the minimal number of requests possible (ex: remote object storages), that method can be overridden to perform a more efficient operation. Args: obj_ids ([bytes]: list of object ids. Returns: list of resulting contents, or None if the content could not be retrieved. Do not raise any exception as a fail for one content will not cancel the whole request. """ for obj_id in obj_ids: try: yield self.get(obj_id) except ObjNotFoundError: yield None
[docs] @abc.abstractmethod def check(self, obj_id, *args, **kwargs): """Perform an integrity check for a given object. Verify that the file object is in place and that the content matches the object id. Args: obj_id (bytes): object identifier. Raises: ObjNotFoundError: if the requested object is missing. Error: if the request object is corrupted. """ pass
[docs] @abc.abstractmethod def delete(self, obj_id, *args, **kwargs): """Delete an object. Args: obj_id (bytes): object identifier. Raises: ObjNotFoundError: if the requested object is missing. """ if not self.allow_delete: raise PermissionError("Delete is not allowed.")
# Management methods
[docs] def get_random(self, batch_size, *args, **kwargs): """Get random ids of existing contents. This method is used in order to get random ids to perform content integrity verifications on random contents. Args: batch_size (int): Number of ids that will be given Yields: An iterable of ids (bytes) of contents that are in the current object storage. """ pass
# Streaming methods
[docs] def add_stream(self, content_iter, obj_id, check_presence=True): """Add a new object to the object storage using streaming. This function is identical to add() except it takes a generator that yields the chunked content instead of the whole content at once. Args: content (bytes): chunked generator that yields the object's raw content to add in storage. obj_id (bytes): object identifier check_presence (bool): indicate if the presence of the content should be verified before adding the file. Returns: the id (bytes) of the object into the storage. """ raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def restore_stream(self, content_iter, obj_id=None): """Restore a content that have been corrupted using streaming. This function is identical to restore() except it takes a generator that yields the chunked content instead of the whole content at once. The default implementation provided by the current class is suitable for most cases. Args: content (bytes): chunked generator that yields the object's raw content to add in storage. obj_id (bytes): object identifier """ # check_presence to false will erase the potential previous content. return self.add_stream(content_iter, obj_id, check_presence=False)
[docs] def get_stream(self, obj_id, chunk_size=DEFAULT_CHUNK_SIZE): """Retrieve the content of a given object as a chunked iterator. Args: obj_id (bytes): object id. Returns: the content of the requested object as bytes. Raises: ObjNotFoundError: if the requested object is missing. """ raise NotImplementedError
[docs] def list_content(self, last_obj_id=None, limit=DEFAULT_LIMIT): """Generates known object ids. Args: last_obj_id (bytes): object id from which to iterate from (excluded). limit (int): max number of object ids to generate. Generates: obj_id (bytes): object ids. """ it = iter(self) if last_obj_id: it = dropwhile(lambda x: x <= last_obj_id, it) return islice(it, limit)