Source code for swh.web.api.throttling

# Copyright (C) 2017-2020  The Software Heritage developers
# See the AUTHORS file at the top-level directory of this distribution
# License: GNU Affero General Public License version 3, or any later version
# See top-level LICENSE file for more information

from ipaddress import IPv4Network, IPv6Network, ip_address, ip_network
from typing import Callable, List, TypeVar, Union

import sentry_sdk

from django.core.exceptions import ImproperlyConfigured
import rest_framework
from rest_framework.throttling import ScopedRateThrottle

from swh.web.auth.utils import API_SAVE_ORIGIN_PERMISSION
from swh.web.config import get_config

APIView = TypeVar("APIView", bound="rest_framework.views.APIView")
Request = rest_framework.request.Request

API_THROTTLING_EXEMPTED_PERM = "swh.web.api.throttling_exempted"


[docs]class SwhWebRateThrottle(ScopedRateThrottle): """Custom DRF request rate limiter for anonymous users Requests are grouped into scopes. It enables to apply different requests rate limiting based on the scope name but also the input HTTP request types. To associate a scope to requests, one must add a 'throttle_scope' attribute when using a class based view, or call the 'throttle_scope' decorator when using a function based view. By default, requests do not have an associated scope and are not rate limited. Rate limiting can also be configured according to the type of the input HTTP requests for fine grained tuning. For instance, the following YAML configuration section sets a rate of: - 1 per minute for POST requests - 60 per minute for other request types for the 'swh_api' scope while exempting those coming from the 127.0.0.0/8 ip network. .. code-block:: yaml throttling: scopes: swh_api: limiter_rate: default: 60/m POST: 1/m exempted_networks: - 127.0.0.0/8 """ scope = None def __init__(self): super().__init__() self.exempted_networks = None self.num_requests = 0 self.duration = 0
[docs] def get_cache_key(self, request, view): # do not handle throttling if user is authenticated if request.user.is_authenticated: return None else: return super().get_cache_key(request, view)
[docs] def get_exempted_networks( self, scope_name: str ) -> List[Union[IPv4Network, IPv6Network]]: if not self.exempted_networks: scopes = get_config()["throttling"]["scopes"] scope = scopes.get(scope_name) if scope: networks = scope.get("exempted_networks") if networks: self.exempted_networks = [ ip_network(network) for network in networks ] return self.exempted_networks
[docs] def get_scope(self, view: APIView): if not self.scope: # class based view case return getattr(view, self.scope_attr, None) else: # function based view case return self.scope
[docs] def allow_request(self, request: Request, view: APIView) -> bool: # class based view case if not self.scope: default_scope = getattr(view, self.scope_attr, None) request_allowed = None if default_scope is not None: # check if there is a specific rate limiting associated # to the request type assert request.method is not None request_scope = f"{default_scope}_{request.method.lower()}" setattr(view, self.scope_attr, request_scope) try: request_allowed = super().allow_request(request, view) # use default rate limiting otherwise except ImproperlyConfigured as exc: sentry_sdk.capture_exception(exc) setattr(view, self.scope_attr, default_scope) if request_allowed is None: request_allowed = super().allow_request(request, view) # function based view case else: default_scope = self.scope # check if there is a specific rate limiting associated # to the request type self.scope = default_scope + "_" + request.method.lower() try: self.rate = self.get_rate() # use default rate limiting otherwise except ImproperlyConfigured: self.scope = default_scope self.rate = self.get_rate() self.num_requests, self.duration = self.parse_rate(self.rate) request_allowed = super(ScopedRateThrottle, self).allow_request( request, view ) self.scope = default_scope exempted_networks = self.get_exempted_networks(default_scope) exempted_ip = False if exempted_networks: remote_address = ip_address(self.get_ident(request)) exempted_ip = any( remote_address in network for network in exempted_networks ) request_allowed = exempted_ip or request_allowed # set throttling related data in the request metadata # in order for the ThrottlingHeadersMiddleware to # add X-RateLimit-* headers in the HTTP response if not exempted_ip and hasattr(self, "history"): hit_count = len(self.history) request.META["RateLimit-Limit"] = self.num_requests request.META["RateLimit-Remaining"] = self.num_requests - hit_count wait = self.wait() if wait is not None: request.META["RateLimit-Reset"] = int(self.now + wait) return request_allowed
[docs]class SwhWebUserRateThrottle(SwhWebRateThrottle): """Custom DRF request rate limiter for authenticated users It has the same behavior than :class:`swh.web.api.throttling.SwhWebRateThrottle` except the number of allowed requests for each throttle scope is increased by a 1Ox factor. """ NUM_REQUESTS_FACTOR = 10
[docs] def get_cache_key(self, request, view): # do not handle throttling if user is not authenticated if request.user.is_authenticated: return super(SwhWebRateThrottle, self).get_cache_key(request, view) else: return None
[docs] def parse_rate(self, rate): # increase number of allowed requests num_requests, duration = super().parse_rate(rate) return (num_requests * self.NUM_REQUESTS_FACTOR, duration)
[docs] def allow_request(self, request: Request, view: APIView) -> bool: if request.user.is_staff or request.user.has_perm(API_THROTTLING_EXEMPTED_PERM): # no throttling for staff users or users with adequate permission return True scope = self.get_scope(view) if scope == "save_origin" and request.user.has_perm(API_SAVE_ORIGIN_PERMISSION): # no throttling on save origin endpoint for users with adequate permission return True return super().allow_request(request, view)
[docs]def throttle_scope(scope: str) -> Callable[..., APIView]: """Decorator that allows the throttle scope of a DRF function based view to be set:: @api_view(['GET', ]) @throttle_scope('scope') def view(request): ... """ def decorator(func: APIView) -> APIView: SwhScopeRateThrottle = type( "SwhWebScopeRateThrottle", (SwhWebRateThrottle,), {"scope": scope} ) SwhScopeUserRateThrottle = type( "SwhWebScopeUserRateThrottle", (SwhWebUserRateThrottle,), {"scope": scope}, ) func.throttle_classes = (SwhScopeRateThrottle, SwhScopeUserRateThrottle) return func return decorator